Manage your blood sugar levels. Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, increases the risk for developing kidney and heart disease, blindness and infections. Manage your blood sugar by doing the following: regularly monitor blood-glucose levels, keep hydrated (but avoid alcohol and caffeine), take prescribed medication, closely follow your diabetic diet, and get sufficient exercise.
Do not smoke. While this is an important tip for anyone's health, it is particularly important for people with diabetes; diabetic smokers are twice as likely to die prematurely than other people. Staying away from cigarettes can have a positive impact on your blood pressure, heart and kidneys. If you are having difficulty quitting, talk with your doctor about a plan that can help. Diabetes doesn't have to be scary, just educate yourself. Remember that knowledge and good habits are the only tools you need to deal with diabetes.